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Interview with Dr. David Coggins About Vaccines

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Medical Minute: 3:19

Steve Williams:  Today we’re talking about vaccines for infants with Dr. David Coggins, a Geisinger pediatrician and chair of the Department of Pediatrics for Mt. Nittany Medical Center.  He’s also a member of the Infection Prevention & Control Committee at Mt. Nittany Medical Center.  Dr. Coggins, thanks for being with us today.

Dr. David Coggins:  Good morning, you’re very welcome.

Steve Williams:  Doctor, which vaccines are recommended for infants and at what ages?

Dr. David Coggins:  There’s a host of vaccines that are recommended for infants; the first vaccine that we recommend is usually given in the Newborn Nursery for against Hepatitis B, the remainder of the vaccines start at 2 months of age – I’ll kind of go over those for you.  At 2 months, we administer the Rotavirus Vaccine a combination vaccine that contains antigens against atheria, tetanus, and pertussis, a vaccine against teamopolis influenzae type B, Polio Vaccine, and Umacis Vaccine – again that starts at 2 months.  Routine well-baby visits start at 2, 4, and 6 months and each one of those visits is accompanied by a vaccination.  At 12 months, we vaccinate babies with Measels, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine, as well as Chicken Pox Vaccine, and Hepatitis A Vaccine.  There are Booster Doses along the way, throughout the first year of life and then there’s a series of Boosters again at Kindergarten-entry, basically, between the ages of 4 and 6.  And also we have to vaccinate adolescences with a Tetanus Booster, also with adolescent girls we’ve recently started vaccinating against Human Papilloma Virus, and there’s another vaccine called Menactra, which is a vaccination against certain types of meningococcal diseases that can cause meningitis.  The American Academy of Pediatrics has also recently recommended that children 6 months of age or older get an annual Flu Vaccine.

Steve Williams:  Flu Vaccines or the H1N1, is that recommended for infants too?

Dr. David Coggins:  It certainly is.  It’s recommended for basically everybody older than 6 months.

Steve Williams:  Where can a parent find out more about vaccinating their infants?  Where can they find out more information about that?

Dr. David Coggins:  Well there are several sites, I would probably recommend following a pediatrician or family practitioner.  That person should have all the information you need about vaccination.  One could go to the CDC website at CDC.gov and there is a host of information on immunization; also, the American Academy of Pediatrics posts its’ annual schedule of vaccination for anyone to see.

Steve Williams:  It’s very important to get the kids vaccinated, isn’t it?

Dr. David Coggins:  Absolutely.  I think vaccination has become kind of a two-edge sword because it’s been such an effective program that a lot of parents have not seen the illnesses that the vaccinations prevent and it’s easy to let your guard down about well ‘why do I need this vaccination’.  We recently saw, probably back in 1980s, and also lately, an increase in Pertussis cases because of decreased vaccination.  In fact, that prompted Pertussis Boosters now to be given to adolescents and also to be given routinely to Post-Partum women.

Steve Williams:  Dr. Coggins, thanks so much for joining us this morning, we certainly appreciate it.

Dr. David Coggins:  Alright, thank you sir.

Steve Williams:  The Mt. Nittany Medical Minute this morning brought to you by Mt. Nittany Medical Center – “Life Forward.”  95.3, 3WZ.


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